Nepal is endowed with a precious natural resource in the form of water. The overall development of Nepal hinges on the exploitation of this resource in a rational and sustainable manner.The available amount of water resources in the country is sufficient to provide year-round irrigation to the entire irrigable land, to generate around 43,000 MW of techno-economically viable hydropower from 83,000 MW total potential and meet the demands of other uses of water such as domestic, industrial, recreational, navigational, aqua-culture etc. Until now only a small fraction of the available water resources has been utilized for the benefit of the people and the country. Therefore, there is a great potential for further utilization of this resource.
Although Nepal has a large hydropower potential, less than 2% techno-economical potential has been harnessed so far. The energy needs of the country are being largely met by biomass resources that primarily include fuel-wood, agricultural waste and animal dung.
>> To formulate and assist in developing policies and strategies in the water resources and energy sector.
>> To provide suggestions, recommendations and guidance in the development of irrigation, hydropower, and drinking water projects. WECS is also mandated to formulate and develop policies and plans related to industrial use of water, flood management, in-land navigation, fisheries and other sectors related with water resources, along with the protection of the environment relating to the above sectors.
>> To provide assistance to the concerned ministries in formulating policies and objectives to be included in the perspective/periodic plan relating to the water resources and energy sector.
>> To render opinion, advice and recommendations on bilateral and multilateral issues relating to water resources and energy.
>> To act as a documentation center for all regional water resources and energy related issues.